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Reproductives that are darker in color have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the pioneers of future colonies.

The temperature, food grade, and action of the colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite to grow from egg to adult.

Nests and tunnels are stored moist because employee termites cannot stand low humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a large nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but rarely varies more than one degree a day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.

It's important to identify the kind of pest termite before beginning treatment. This can allow you to understand the habits of this colony, find the nest and indicate the most suitable method of control.



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Species are identified with their own soldier termites, which gets the most prominent features.

These termites are commonly distributed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of irreparable harm to buildings.



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Coptotermes soldiers have brown, saber-like jaws. They quantify 3.56.5 mm in length. When disturbed, these soldiers yank a rubbery glue-like substance from their pear-shaped heads.

Coptotermes construct nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cavities or enclosed verandahs.



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These termites traveling at least 50 metres in the colony using a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send large numbers to new food sources and, thus, respond strongly to bait. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore for new food sources and feed at numerous points.

Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dark, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are around 1m in diameter.

This is species of termite, sometimes called termite. They are normally found nesting in massive pieces of timber (particularly older trees) and are most common in moist, mountainous locations. They can also be found in the dry foothills of Melbourne.



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Porotermes tend to reside in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or traveling much underground. They're more easily controlled than other species.

A mature colony of Schedorhinotermes will possess two distinct sizes of soldiers, called major and minor soldiers. Major soldiers grow up to 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. The two types of soldier have mandibles.

Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.



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Heterotermes are distributed throughout Australia. They are only a significant pest species in the Northern Hemisphere.

The soldiers of the species are around 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.

Heterotermes reside in small colonies which assault fence posts, wood flooring, and paling fences within a radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on here small timbers on the soil surface.

Dusts work to control termites because they ingest and distribute the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.



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Insect growth-regulator dusts (such as Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the most powerful methods of termite pest control for the human consumer.

Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly poisonous elemental pesticide that does not degrade.

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Baiting is often the best way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest website cannot be found. Bait stations also allow you to collect samples of termites for species identification.

Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials like timber, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or carefully positioned inside near known damage.

Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins so that the nearly complete colony can be poisoned before adverse effects arise. Repellent termiticide formulations such as those of pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care must be taken not to cross contaminate baits using even tiny residues of different pesticides.

Baiting does not provide a barrier that is practical. The baits do not isolate the building as termites continue to be able to get the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are preferred.



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Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the outside of an infested structure. This makes a zone or band of toxic soil that the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier could involve trenching around the foundations of the structure, and injecting the chemical into the ground through holes drilled in concrete foundations.

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